Why the sophistocated Chinese Empire could not modernise. Including details of the exceptional nature of European developments. And how Japan managed to modernise without uprooting its traditional culture. Also available as a PDF, Problems 21 – Imperial China
Alternate History – The Seven Months War of 1914
- Part 1: The Fall of Lloyd George and The Tory War
- Part 2: The Marne and Tannenberg
- Part 3: The Christmas Truce and the Bryan Plan
- Part 4: Peace Plans and the Problem of Bosnia
- Part 5: The Consequences of the 1915 Peace
Wordsworth on Guerilla Warfare. Mostly known nowadays for his poetry, Wordsworth showed a lot of political insight, though opting for a version of conservatism that was almost extinct even before Thatcher destroyed Old Toryism. But this former radical showed a very early understanding of a new type of warfare that had begun in Spain.
Nation States were NOT invented by the Peace of Westphalia, which merely left Germany in a fragmented state. Nation states existed long before that. The idea came from university Departments of Political Science, and is not supported by any historians I’ve come across.
Why The Ming Sea Voyages Led To Nothing. Chinese ships were better than those that Columbus used to discover the New World. So why did the venture lead nowhere?
Crusaders and Other Barbarians. How Europe was remade between the fall of the Roman Empire and the development of Puritanism.
Civilisation Alley. Globalism before European Imperialism, considered as a broad band of advanced cultures from North-West Europe to South India, plus the sophisticated and diverse cultures of East Asia.
Celtic, Germanic, Multicultural. The relationships between the peoples of North-West Europe. And remarks on their current religious beliefs.
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